The vast majority of wolf spider species do not create webs; however, there are a few wolf spider species that do. Most non-web-building wolf spiders will catch their prey using their agility and their ambushing skills.
Wolf spiders are one of the best hunting spider species in the world. They can capture their prey without using a web, thanks to their exceptional agility and hunting skills.
However, some wolf spider species still build webs. They have retained their ability to build webs thanks to their evolution. Web-building wolf spiders will catch their prey primarily using their web, but might sometimes resort to hunting down their prey as non-web spiders do.
Do Wolf Spiders Make Webs?
Some wolf spiders make webs, while the majority of wolf spider species don’t.
Evidence suggests that evolution has a major part to play in this. Wolf spiders have lost their ability to create webs thanks to their evolution. Researchers believe that this happened because wolf spiders could not maintain a healthy lifestyle while having to create delicate, high-quality webs at the same time.
This means that the majority of wolf spider species stopped building webs for their survival. They became much more dependent on their physical features, such as agility, speed, and hunting instinct.
One of the most important techniques that wolf spiders use when they don’t have a web is their leg autonomy. This mechanism allows them to control the movement of their legs when they are capturing prey or when they are trying to escape a predator, making them better at turning around and moving at higher speeds.
Only a handful of wolf spider species remain capable of creating webs. Most of these web-creating wolf spiders live in South America. It’s though that these wolf spiders will rely on their webs much more than the rest of the wolf spiders, but they can also move quickly and use their agility as well.
How Do Wolf Spiders Catch Their Prey?
Wolf spiders catch their prey by chasing the prey, jumping on it, or ambushing it. It will not use its web to catch their prey because they are not capable of creating a web that they could use to capture their prey.
Wolf spiders are one of the fastest spider species in the world. They can outrun and outmaneuver most of the animals that they catch, which makes them highly effective at catching their prey. In some cases, they will catch their prey by running them down and catching them as they outrun them.
In other cases, wolf spiders might use the ambushing technique. With this technique, the wolf spider will wait outside the home of the animal of prey, or it will hide somewhere where it will not be visible. Then, once the unsuspecting target passes by, the wolf spider will pounce, pinning the target down and injecting the venom.
Once the venom is injected, the prey will start to get paralyzed slowly. This will make it unable to move and resist the capturing, which will allow the wolf spider to bring the prey close to its home.
If the animal of prey is smaller, the wolf spider might use its mouthparts to chew on the prey and create smaller pieces, which it could then easily eat. On the other hand, if the animal of prey is larger, then the wolf spider will use its enzymes to start digesting the prey outside of its body.
The enzymes will start to turn the prey into a more liquid form. This will allow the wolf spider to slowly suck down on the prey. Thanks to its straw-like mouth, the wolf spider will easily digest the prey inside its body later on.
Even though a wolf spider does not create webs, it will still be very effective at capturing its prey. To compensate, it is fast and agile, which helps it capture its prey if it has to catch it.
Why Don’t Most Wolf Spiders Create Webs?
Wolf spiders do not create webs because they have developed other traits such as strength, agility, and speed, which means that they don’t need webs to capture their prey.
Wolf spiders do not spin webs, so they will create burrows. These burrows are used as their homes, where they will rest and hide from predators and also prey. Instead of living inside a web, a wolf spider will rest inside a burrow.
Evolutionary speaking, spinning webs became too much of a burden for wolf spiders. They stopped creating elaborate webs because they could not expend so much energy on creating these webs. They were still hunting spiders, so most of their energy was spent on hunting.
In addition, wolf spiders started relying more on their agility and their hunting skills to survive. They started living inside burrows, so they would not have to spin webs. Instead, they focused most of their time on hunting, which is thanks to their exceptional hunting skills, so they started using them to survive.
Some wolf spiders retained their ability to create webs, though. These spiders still create webs nowadays, although they will still be very effective hunters. When these spiders create webs, the webs will be much different from some other webs that other spiders create. They might use these webs to hunt their prey, in addition to using other means of hunting.
In short, wolf spiders stopped relying on webs too much and started relying on their senses and their physical traits instead.
ALL WOLF SPIDER FACT FILES:
The vast majority of wolf spider species don’t create webs, although there are still some wolf spiders that do. They don’t need to create webs because they live inside burrows they dig into the ground, and they will use their agility and exceptional hunting skills to hunt down their prey as well.
Some wolf spiders can still create webs, as they have kept this trait from their evolution. However, these wolf spiders are rare and will mostly be found in South America.