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45 Examples of Animals that Live in The Forest (A to Z List with Pictures)

bear

Animals that live in the forest include hedgehogs, gorillas, badgers, hornbills, koalas, and lizards.

The forest is a vast expanse of trees and foliage that covers much of the world. It is one of the most diverse habitats on Earth, with over half of all living species inhabiting it.

Animals live in many different places within the forest, from high up in the canopy to deep down underground.

Examples of Animals that Live in The Forest

When people think of the forest, they often think of deer and squirrels. But there are many other animals that live in this ecosystem.

Some common animals that live in the forest include:

1. African Forest Elephant

elephants
Scientific NameLoxodonta cyclotis
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWest and Central Africa
DietHerbivore

The African Forest Elephant is a subspecies of the African elephant. They live in tropical forests, including rainforests and swamp forests.

The forest elephants are herbivores who eat leaves, grasses, fruits, nuts, and seeds.

2. Antelope

antelope
Scientific NameArtiodactyla
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeAfrica and parts of Asia
DietHerbivore

A male antelope is called a ‘bull’ and a female one is referred to as a ‘cow’. They live in the savannah grasslands of central, southern, eastern, western Africa, and Asia.

In the thick forest near the Congo border, a rare striped antelope known as the lowland bongo can be found.

Antelopes eat plants such as leaves, twigs, or shoots from shrubs and trees. Some also eat fruit that has fallen off branches onto the ground.

3. Badgers

badger
Scientific NameMeles meles
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America
DietCarnivore

Badgers are mammals that live in the forest. They have a long nose with white fur on their face and around it.

Badger’s body is covered with black, brown, or grey fur all over its body except for under their neck where they have cream-colored fur.

Their legs are short while their tail isn’t very big either. Badgers eat small mammals, earthworms, and insects.

They often hunt at night for their prey which is usually a mole or rabbit.

4. Bengal Tigers

Bengal Tiger
Scientific NamePanthera tigris tigris
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeIndia
DietCarnivore

The Bengal Tiger lives in the forest and they eat deer, monkeys, wild pigs, etc. They are native to India and Bangladesh where hunting them is illegal but poaching continues despite this law.

The Tigers have been on the endangered list since about 2000 because of habitat loss from deforestation as well as being poached for their fur, skin, and bones.

5. Chimpanzee

chimpanzee
Scientific NamePan troglodytes
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeCentral and West Africa
DietOmnivore

Chimpanzees live in the forest of Africa and eat fruits, leaves, roots.

They are a great ape native to Africa that is one of our closest living relatives along with bonobo (Pan paniscus). Chimps are primates that share over 98.8 % DNA sequence similarity with humans!

6. Coyotes

coyote
Scientific NameCanis latrans
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeThe United States and Canada
DietCarnivore

Coyotes live in the forest and eat small animals like rabbits, mice, and squirrels. The coyote is a very adaptable animal that requires less food than most other animals.

Although you might see them hunting during the day, they are mostly active at night.

7. Deer

Deer face
Scientific NameCervidae
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWorldwide
DietHerbivore

Deer are found in a variety of habitats including forests, grasslands, and deserts where they eat leaves and grasses, twigs, and branches of woody plants.

Deer are native to Eurasia, Africa, North America, South America (where they originally evolved), and Australia (where they were introduced by humans).

8. Elk

elk
Scientific NameCervus canadensis
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America
DietHerbivore

There are different types of elk. Some live in forests, some live on mountainsides and others can be found near streams.

Most spend most of their lives alone but they come together to breed during the fall mating season. They eat leaves, grasses, flowers, and bark from trees like aspen or willow.

9. Fox

red fox
Scientific NameVulpes vulpes
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWorldwide
DietOmnivore

Foxes live in forests and eat small rodents, birds, insects, and berries.

They prefer to dwell in thick brushy areas because they are good at hiding from their prey or predators which makes them very difficult for humans to see or hunt.

They will also make a den out of sticks and leaves under fallen trees or large rocks where they can sleep, raise their young, and store food.

10. Grizzly Bear

grizzly bear
Scientific NameUrsus arctos horribilis
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America, Europe, and Asia
DietOmnivore

The grizzly bear lives in the forests of North America, Europe, and Asia. Grizzlies are omnivores, meaning they eat both plant and animal matter – mice, fish, leaves, roots.

They also scavenge for elk carcasses left by wolves or mountain lions. The bear’s front claws can be up to four inches long which makes them excellent hunters when catching their prey.

11. Gorillas

Western Gorilla
Scientific NameGorilla
Type of AnimalMammal
Rangeequatorial Africa
DietHerbivore

Gorillas live in Africa and eat a wide variety of vegetation. They have black-brown fur with silver on their backs, which they use to insulate themselves from the cold weather during winter months.

Gorilla babies are also dependent upon milk for sustenance while living in the forest just like human infants.

12. Great Horned Owl

Great Horned Owl
Scientific NameBubo virginianus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeNorth America
DietCarnivore

The Great Horned Owl is the most powerful of all common owls. They live in forests and hunt at night for prey as small as insects or as large as skunks, which they can carry up to a quarter-mile from its original location.

13. Hare

Hare
Scientific NameLepus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeAfrica, Eurasia, North America
DietHerbivore

Hares are another animal that lives in the forest and eats plants, fruits, veggies, nuts etc. They can be seen especially during night times as they are nocturnal animals.

Hares spend the majority of their time eating food to survive on a daily basis since they do not need shelter to protect them from harsh weather conditions like other rodents such as squirrels or mice.

14. Hedgehogs

hedgehog
Scientific NameErinaceinae
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeEurope, Asia, Africa, and New Zealand
DietOmnivore

Hedgehogs are primarily nocturnal creatures that sleep during the day and then wake up to forage for food at night. They can be found all over Europe, Asia, North Africa, India, Greenland, Canada, and other northern regions of the world.

Hedgehogs prefer living in areas with thick shrubs or bushes where they can easily hide from predators, but they will also make their homes in forests, grasslands, or deserts.

15. Hornbill

Hornbill
Scientific NameBucerotidae
Type of AnimalBird
Rangemainland Southeast Asia
DietOmnivore

The hornbill is a large bird that can grow between 95–130 cm in height. They live in southeast Asia and southern China where they can be found living deep within rainforest trees.

Hornbills eat insects such as ants and bees, but also fruit from figs to mangos.

16. Howler Monkeys

Scientific NameAlouatta
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeBrazil, Paraguay, eastern Bolivia
DietOmnivore

These monkeys are exclusively found in the forest. Their range covers most of Brazil, Paraguay, eastern Bolivia.

The Amazon River Basin is home to its largest population. They live high up within the trees and prefer areas with dense vegetation.

They eat fruit, leaves, flowers…even bird eggs. Howler Monkeys are known for their loud vocalizations.

17. Hyena

hyena
Scientific NameHyaenidae
Type of AnimalMammal
Range Africa and eastwards through Arabia to India
DietCarnivore

The hyena lives in Africa and Southern Asia. They live in grasslands, savannas, woodlands, rainforests, deserts to shrublands.

Hyenas are carnivores that eat wildebeests, zebras, young buffalo calves, and other mammals up to the size of a gazelle but they will also eat insects, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.

18. Jaguarundi

Scientific NamePuma yagouaroundi
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeUnites States
DietOmnivore

Jaguarundi lives in the forests of North and South America. They eat fish, fruit, and small mammals such as mice, rats, and squirrels.

When they are not hunting for food they like to rest near streams or ponds where their prey lives.

19. Kangaroos

kangaroo
Scientific NameMacropodidae
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeAustralia and Tasmania
DietHerbivore

The gray kangaroo lives in the forest of Australia and Tasmania. They eat leaves, grass, and small insects like ants.

Kangaroos are marsupials which means they carry their babies (kits)in a pouch on their belly until the baby is old enough to go out on its own.

20. Koalas

Koalas sitting in a tree
Scientific NamePhascolarctos cinereus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeEastern Australia
DietHerbivore

Koalas are found in the forests of Eastern Australia. They live in eucalyptus trees, which is where they get their food from.

Koalas eat mainly Eucalypt leaves but are also known to eat some grasses and cambium during the dry seasons of summer or winter when there isn’t much else to eat.

21. Lynx

lynx
Scientific NameLynx
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeEurope, Asia, and North America
DietCarnivore

The Lynx lives in the forest and eats small animals such as rabbits, mice, squirrels, or birds.

The lynx is a big cat with short fur that can be any color from gray to brownish red.

They have long bodies and thick tails about two feet long. Their paws are large and well-furred for hunting at night.

22. Lizards

lizard
Scientific NameLacertilia
Type of AnimalReptile
RangeWorldwide
DietOmnivore

Lizards live in many different habitats all over the world. They can be found living on every continent except Antarctica.

Some of these lizards are only able to survive in certain climates, like deserts or jungles, while others do well in more wet climates.

Lizards eat a wide variety of food depending on their species and location.

23. Langur

langur
Scientific NameSemnopithecus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWestern Assam
DietHerbivore

The langur is a small type of monkey that lives in the forest. They eat only plants and fruit to survive.

They like to eat figs in particular, but also apples and berries. Their habitat at home is in the trees of the forest; they use their hands with help from their agile feet to climb through branches high above ground level.

24. Marten

Yellow Throated Marten
Scientific NameMartes
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeCanada and Alaska
DietOmnivore

Martens eat mostly small rodents, insects, and berries. The only place where martens can survive is in dense forests across North America.

Although they have a very flexible diet, their main source of food is usually squirrels or mice found on the ground and caught with ease using their sharp claws.

25. Macaw

Macaw
Scientific NameAra macao
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeTropical Central and South America
DietOmnivore

The Macaws live in the north and South American forests. They have a diet of seeds, nuts, fruits, and their favorite is palm tree flowers.

The animal has been facing low population issues due to deforestation activities in its habitat.

26. Okapi

Okapi
Scientific NameOkapia johnstoni
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeDemocratic Republic of Congo
DietHerbivore

The okapi is also known as the forest giraffe that lives in the rainforest of Central Africa. They eat plants, fruits, and leaves.

27. Orangutans

Orangutans
Scientific NamePongo
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeSoutheast Asian islands of Borneo and Sumatra
DietOmnivore

Orangutans are the great apes that belong to the human family. The name of this animal is derived from Malay and Indonesian words which mean ‘forest man’.

Orangutans live in tropical rainforests that exist between China, India, Malaysia, and Indonesia or other countries located near the Equator line.

28. Panda

panda bear
Scientific NameAiluropoda melanoleuca
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeChina
DietHerbivore

Pandas are herbivores and eat mainly bamboo shoots, leaves, grasses, lichens, and fruits in the forests of China.

Although herbivores the giant panda will also occasionally prey on small rodents or fish for food.

29. Puma

Puma
Scientific NamePuma concolor
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth and South America
DietCarnivore

They live in places such as forests, mountains, brush areas, deserts, and swamps and eat deer, rabbits, etc.

Pumas tend to live in the forest where they hunt their prey of deer, small rodents, and rabbits.

A puma’s diet consists mainly of animal meat but sometimes they will eat berries or grasses if there is nothing around to feed on such as when it is winter time for example.

30. Red Eyed Tree Frog

Red Eyed Tree Frog
Scientific NameAgalychnis callidryas
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeMexico south throughout Central America
DietCarnivore

Forest animals live under the leaves of trees on land, soil, and rocks. The red-eyed tree frog is a great example of an animal that lives in the forest.

This frog has large eyes with vertical pupils that are very sensitive to movement overhead which allows it to see above treetops where many predators would be hiding for them.

Other Animals That Live In The Forest

RaccoonsRhinocerosesWolves
Red DeerSnakesCougars
Red SquirrelsSquirrel MonkeysSquirrels
ReindeerTigersOwls
RavensBoarMoose
BaboonsCrocodilesMosquitoes
DragonfliesSalamandersSaolas
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