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21 Examples of Herbivorous Birds (A to Z List +Pictures)

examples of herbivorous birds

Birds that are herbivorous include Blue Macaws, Canada Geese, Ostriches, Evening Grosbeaks, and Goldfinches.

When most people think of birds, they think of animals that eat insects or other small creatures. However, there are a number of bird species that are herbivorous, meaning that they only eat plants.

In this article, we will discuss three common types of herbivorous birds and their diets, and where they live.

Examples of Birds That Are Herbivorous

Birds that are herbivorous can be found in many different parts of the world. They typically live in areas where there is plenty of vegetation to eat, such as rainforests, woodlands, and tropical areas.

Herbivorous birds are an important part of the ecosystem, helping to disperse plant seeds and recycle nutrients.

1. Blue Macaws

a blue throated macaw
Scientific NameAnodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeBrazil
DietHerbivore

The blue macaw is a large, colorful bird that is found in Central and South America. These birds eat mostly fruit, but they will also consume nuts, seeds, and other plant material. Blue macaws live in rainforests and other wooded areas.

They are monogamous birds, meaning that they mate for life. The male and female work together to build a nest and take care of their young.

2. Canada Geese

Canada Geese in the Snow
Scientific NameBranta canadensis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeNorth America
DietHerbivore

Canadian geese are a common sight in North America, where they can be found in many different types of habitats. These birds eat mostly grasses and other plants, but they will also consume small insects and other creatures. Canadian geese live near water bodies such as lakes, ponds, and rivers.

Canadian geese are monogamous, meaning that the birds form a pair and stay together for life. The male and female work together to build a nest out of sticks, which they line with grasses and other soft materials.

The female typically lays between two and six eggs, which the parents will incubate for about 28 days.

3. Common Ostrich

Ostrich
Scientific NameStruthio camelus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeAfrica
DietHerbivore

The common ostrich is the largest bird in the world, and it is found in Africa. These birds eat a variety of plants, including fruits, seeds, flowers, and grasses. Common ostriches live in open areas such as deserts and savannas.

The ostrich has two long, powerful legs that it uses to run quickly. Ostriches can reach speeds of up to 43 miles per hour.

These birds also have wings, but they cannot fly. Instead, ostriches use their wings to help them balance when running.

4. Evening Grosbeak

Evening Grosbeak
Scientific NameCoccothraustes vespertinus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeNorth America
DietHerbivore

The evening grosbeak is a North American bird that is found in many different types of habitats, including forests, gardens, and parks. These birds eat mostly seeds and fruit, but they will also consume some insects. Evening grosbeaks live near trees and other large vegetation.

They are typically around nine inches long, with a wingspan of about fifteen inches. Evening grosbeaks are brown on the top and white on the bottom, with a black stripe that goes through their eyes.

5. Gold Macaws

Gold Macaw
Scientific NameAra arauna
Type of AnimalBird
RangeSouth and Central America
DietHerbivore

The gold macaw is a large, brightly-colored bird that is found in Central and South America. These birds eat mostly fruit, but they will also consume nuts, seeds, and other plant material. Gold macaws live in rainforests and other wooded areas.

6. Goldfinch

Goldfinch
Scientific NameSpinus tristis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeNorth American
DietHerbivore

The goldfinch is a small, brightly-colored bird that is found in North America and Europe. These birds eat mostly seeds, but they will also consume other plant materials. Goldfinches live in open areas such as fields and gardens.

Goldfinches are known for their beautiful plumage. The males have a bright yellow head and body, while the females are mostly brown. Goldfinches can be identified by their black wings and tail, which have white patches near the tips. These birds are very active, and they often sing songs to communicate with other goldfinches.

7. Gray Geese

gray goose
Scientific NameAnser anser
Type of AnimalBird
RangeRomania, Turkey, and Russia eastwards to northeastern China
DietHerbivore

Gray geese are a type of goose that is found in Europe and Asia. These birds eat mostly grasses, but they will also consume other plants and small creatures. Grey geese live near water bodies such as lakes, ponds, and rivers.

8. Hoatzin

Scientific NameOphisthocomus hoazin
Type of AnimalBird
RangeGuyana
DietHerbivore

The hoatzin is a strange-looking bird that is found in the Amazon rainforest. These birds eat mostly leaves and other plant material, but they will also consume small insects and other creatures. Hoatzins are unusual among birds in that they have an embryonic claw on their wings which they use to climb trees.

9. House Finch

House Finch
Scientific NameHaemorhous mexicanus
Type of AnimalBird
Rangethe western United States and Mexico
DietHerbivore

The house finch is a small, colorful bird that is found throughout North America. These birds eat mostly seeds, but they will also consume insects and other plant material. House finches live in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and urban areas.

10. Hummingbirds

hummingbird
Scientific NameTrochilidae
Type of AnimalBird
RangeAmerica
DietHerbivore

Hummingbirds are the smallest birds in the world, but they are also some of the most colorful. These birds eat mostly nectar from flowers, but they will also consume small insects and other creatures. Hummingbirds live in many different types of habitats, including forests, gardens, and even deserts.

Related Article: Are Hummingbirds Energetic?

11. Large Waterfowl

Two geese at sunset
Scientific NameAnseriformes
Type of AnimalBird
RangeWorldwide
DietHerbivore

Large waterfowl, such as geese and ducks, are not technically birds of prey, but they are carnivorous. These animals eat mostly aquatic plants and other plant material, but they will also consume small insects and other creatures. Large waterfowl live near water bodies such as lakes, ponds, and rivers.

12. Nene

Nene
Scientific NameBranta sandvicensis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietHerbivore

The nene is a small bird that is found on the Hawaiian islands. These birds eat mostly grasses and other plants, but they will also consume small insects and other creatures. Nenes live in open areas such as meadows and fields.

Nenes are the official state bird of Hawaii. These birds were nearly extinct in the early 1900s, but they have made a comeback in recent years. There are now estimated to be around 1000 nene birds living on the Hawaiian islands.

13. Oilbird

Scientific NameSteatornis caripensis
Type of AnimalBird
Rangefrom Guyana and the island of Trinidad to Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil
DietHerbivore

The oilbird is a nocturnal bird that is found in the Amazon rainforest. These birds eat mostly fruit, but they will also consume insects and other small creatures. Oilbirds live in caves and other dark places.

They are able to fly in the dark because they have large eyes that allow them to see well in low light conditions.

14. Oriole

Oriole
Scientific NameIcterus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeAmerican
DietHerbivore

The oriole is a brightly-colored bird that can be found in North America and parts of South America. These birds eat mostly plants, but they will also consume fruit, nectar, and other plant material. Orioles live in forests and other wooded areas.

The oriole is a migratory bird, and during the winter it can be found in Central America, the Caribbean, and parts of South America. These birds are known for their beautiful songs, which they sing throughout the year.

Orioles build nests out of twigs and other materials and typically lay four or five eggs.

15. Parrots

Parrot
Scientific NamePsittaciformes
Type of AnimalBird
RangeAustralia, South America, and Central America
DietHerbivore

There are many different species of parrot, all of which are herbivorous. These birds eat mostly fruit and nuts, but they will also consume other plant materials. Parrots live in tropical areas around the world.

The most popular parrot is the Budgerigar, which is also known as a budgie. These small birds are found in many colors, including blue, green, yellow, and white. Budgies are very social and can be taught to talk.

16. Pine Siskin

Pine Siskin
Scientific NameSpinus pinus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeCanada
DietHerbivore

The pine siskin is a small, sparrow-like bird that is found in North America. These birds eat mostly seeds, but they will also consume other plant materials. Pine siskins live in forests and other wooded areas.

These birds are usually seen in flocks, and they are known for their aerial acrobatics. Pine siskins can be identified by the yellow patches on their wings and tails. They are also the only North American bird that has a blue head.

17. Red Finches

Red Finch
Scientific NameHaemorhous mexicanus
Type of AnimalBird
Rangethe United States, southern Canada, and Mexico
DietHerbivore

Red finches are small, colorful bird that is found in North America and Europe. These birds eat mostly seeds, but they will also consume other plant materials. Red finches live in wooded areas near water bodies.

Male red finches have bright red feathers on their heads, while the females are a duller brown color.

18. Rock Ptarmigan

Rock Ptarmigan
Scientific NameLagopus muta
Type of AnimalBird
Range the UK
DietHerbivore

The rock ptarmigan is a small bird that is found in the Arctic and Subarctic regions of North America and Eurasia.

These birds eat mostly plant material, but they will also consume small insects and other creatures. Rock ptarmigans live in tundra habitats where there is little vegetation.

19. Somali Ostrich

Ostrich
Scientific NameStruthio molybdophanes
Type of AnimalBird
RangeSomalia
DietHerbivore

The Somali ostrich is the largest bird in Africa. These birds eat mostly grasses and other plants, but they will also consume small insects and other creatures. Somali ostriches live in open areas such as savannas and deserts.

Adult males weigh an average of 240 pounds, while adult females typically weigh about 220 pounds. The height of a full-grown Somali ostrich is usually around 6.9 to 9 feet in height.

20. Sulphur-Crested Cockatoos

Sulphur-Crested Cockatoo
Scientific NameCacatua galerita
Type of AnimalBird
RangeAustralia, Indonesia, New Guinea, the Aru Islands, and New Zealand
DietHerbivore

The sulfur-crested cockatoo is a large, white bird that is found in Australia and New Guinea. These birds eat mostly seeds, nuts, and fruit, but they will also consume other plant materials. Sulfur-crested cockatoos live in rainforests and other wooded areas.

The cockatoo is the largest of the parrot family. They have a wingspan of up to three feet and can weigh up to two pounds. The sulfur-crested cockatoo is easily recognized by its bright white plumage, black crest, and yellow beak. These birds are also known for their intelligence and playful nature.

21. Zebra Finch

Zebra Finch
Scientific NameTaeniopygia guttata
Type of AnimalBird
RangeAustralia
DietHerbivore

The zebra finch is a small, common bird that is found in Australia and other parts of the world. These birds eat mostly seeds, but they will also consume other plant materials. Zebra finches live in open areas such as fields and grasslands.

Zebra finches are social birds that typically live in colonies of several hundred birds. These colonies are usually made up of several families. Zebra finches breed from late winter to early summer, and the females lay four or five eggs in a nest that is typically hidden in a bush or tree.

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