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30 Birds that Fly South for Winter (List with Pictures)

30 Birds that Fly South for Winter

Examples of birds that fly south for the winter include the American crow, American goldfinch, American robin, American tree sparrow, and anna’s hummingbird.

Birds have a great sense of direction, and many of them fly south for the winter. This helps them avoid cold weather and spend time in a place where food is plentiful.

There are many different types of birds that migrate, including robins, cedar waxwings, and hummingbirds. While some birds only travel a short distance, others may fly thousands of miles to get to their destination.

Examples of Birds that Fly South for The Winter

1. American Crow

American Crow
Scientific NameCorvus brachyrhynchos
Type of AnimalBird
Range fields, open woodlands, and forests

The American crow is a common bird found throughout North America. These crows typically migrate in large flocks and can often be seen flying in formation.

Related Article: 29 Birds that Can Swim

2. American Goldfinch

American Goldfinch
Scientific NameSpinus tristis
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeat the edges of forests and plains across North America in areas filled with brush and thistle plants. It can also be found in backyards and parks

The American goldfinch is a small songbird that is found in woodlands and open fields across North America. In the fall, they migrate south to escape the cold weather.

3. American Robin

American Robin
Scientific NameTurdus migratorius
Type of AnimalBird
Rangealmost anywhere south of Canada

The American robin is a migratory bird that breeds in North America and winters in southern Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America. It is a member of the thrush family and is one of the most common birds in North America.

4. American Tree Sparrow

American Tree Sparrow
Scientific NameSpizelloides arborea
Type of AnimalBird
Rangewinter backyards and weedy, snow-covered fields across southern Canada and the northern United States

The American tree sparrow is a small bird that breeds in Canada and the northern United States. It winters in the southern United States, Mexico, and Central America.

5. Anna’s Hummingbird

Anna’s Hummingbird
Scientific NameCalypte anna
Type of AnimalBird
Rangemainly in California

These tiny birds are found in the southwestern United States and Mexico. Every year, they migrate to California and other parts of the west coast.

6. Arctic Tern

Arctic Tern
Scientific NameSterna paradisaea
Type of AnimalBird
RangeAntarctica

The Arctic tern is a small bird that breeds in the Arctic regions of North America, Europe, and Asia. It is best known for its long Migration, which takes it from its breeding grounds to the Antarctic coast. Every year, the Arctic tern makes a round-trip journey of more than 18,641,000 miles.

7. Bald Eagle

Bald Eagle
Scientific NameHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Type of AnimalBird
Rangemost of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico

The bald eagle is a large bird of prey that is found in North America. These birds are very powerful and can reach speeds of up to 100 miles per hour when flying. Bald eagles typically migrate south for the winter, but some may remain in their northern home if the weather is not too cold.

Related Article: 15 Birds that Look Like Eagles

8. Baltimore Oriole

Baltimore Oriole
Scientific NameIcterus galbula
Type of AnimalBird
Rangethe eastern United States and as far west as Montana

The Baltimore oriole is a small songbird that is native to North America. It is a member of the icterid family, which includes other birds such as the meadowlark and the blackbird.

The Baltimore oriole is most commonly found in the eastern United States and parts of Canada. It typically migrates south for the winter, although some birds may remain in their northern range if the weather is mild.

9. Blue Jay

Blue Jays
Scientific NameCyanocitta cristata
Type of AnimalBird
Rangemost of the eastern and central United States

The blue jay is a small songbird that is found in North America. These birds are known for their striking blue plumage and their loud calls. Blue jays typically migrate in small flocks and can often be seen in wooded areas.

10. Chipping Sparrow

Chipping Sparrows
Scientific NameSpizella passerina
Type of AnimalBird
Rangea wide variety of open woodland habitats

The Chipping Sparrow is a small bird that breeds in North America. It is a very active bird, and its song is a series of high-pitched chips. This sparrow is brownish-gray with black streaks on its back and wings. The Chipping Sparrow migrates to the southern United States and Mexico for the winter.

11. Common Grackle

Common Grackle
Scientific NameQuiscalus quiscula
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeagricultural fields, feedlots, city parks, and suburban lawns

The Common Grackle is a blackbird that can be found in North and South America. These birds are known for their iridescent feathers and loud calls. Common Grackles typically migrate in flocks and can travel long distances.

12. Ducks

duck
Scientific NameAnatidae
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeplaces where there is water like ponds, streams, and rivers

Ducks are a type of bird that migrates in the fall. They fly south to escape the cold weather and spend the winter in a warmer climate. In the spring, they fly back north to their breeding grounds. Ducks typically travel in flocks, and they communicate with each other while flying.

13. Eastern Bluebird

Eastern Bluebird
Scientific NameSialia sialis
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeacross eastern North America and south as far as Nicaragua

The eastern bluebird is a small thrush that breeds in open woodlands and farmlands in the eastern United States. In the winter, they migrate to the southern United States.

14. European Starling

European Starlings
Scientific NameSturnus vulgaris
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeacross the United States, in the Bahamas, Central America, Yucatan Peninsula, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Cuba

The European starling is a small bird that is found in Europe, Asia, and Africa. Each year, millions of these birds migrate from their breeding grounds in northern Europe to southern Africa. The journey can be over 6,000 miles long, and it takes them about two months to complete.

15. Evening Grosbeak

Evening Grosbeak
Scientific NameCoccothraustes vespertinus
Type of AnimalBird
RangePanama and northern South America

The evening grosbeak is a member of the finch family. These birds are found in wooded areas in North America. They usually migrate to the southern United States and Mexico for the winter.

16. Geese

geese
Scientific NameAnser
Type of AnimalBird
RangeNorth America, Central America, South America, Eurasia, Australia, Africa, and more

Geese are one of the most well-known migrating birds. Each year, they travel long distances to find suitable places to live and mate. Some geese will fly as far as 10,000 miles. These birds usually travel in large groups, known as flocks.

17. House Finch

House Finch
Scientific NameHaemorhous mexicanus
Type of AnimalBird
Rangewestern North America

The house finch is a small bird that is found in North America. This bird migrated from Asia to North America, and it is now one of the most common birds in the United States. The house finch typically has brown feathers, but some individual birds may have red or orange feathers.

18. Indigo Bunting

Indigo Bunting
Scientific NamePasserina cyanea
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeacross the eastern half of the U.S

The indigo bunting is a small songbird that is found in North America. These birds are known for their blue plumage, which is brighter in males than in females. During the breeding season, indigo buntings can be found in open habitats such as fields and meadows. In the winter, they migrate to more forested areas.

19. Killdeer

Killdeer
Scientific NameCharadrius vociferus
Type of AnimalBird
Rangealong much of the Pacific Coast, lower elevations of the Rockies, and across the southern United States, then well into Mexico

The killdeer is a type of bird that only migrates a short distance. These birds are found in North and South America and typically only travel between states or provinces. Killdeers generally live in open areas near water, such as fields, marshes, and ponds. In the winter, they may move to warmer locations, such as the southern United States.

20. Mallard

Mallard Duck
Scientific NameAnas platyrhynchos
Type of AnimalBird
Rangealmost any body of freshwater across Asia, Europe, and North America

The mallard is a duck that can be found in North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. It is the most common type of duck in the world, and it is also one of the most popular birds for hunting. The mallard is a migratory bird, and it typically flies south for the winter.

21. Mourning Dove

Mourning Dove
Scientific NameZenaida macroura
Type of AnimalBird
Rangealmost any kind of open or semi-open habitat in temperate parts of North America, including forest clearings, farmland, suburbs, prairies, deserts

The mourning dove is a relatively small bird that is gray and white in color. These birds are found in North America and typically migrate south for the winter. They are known for their cooing sound, which is why they are sometimes called “the dove of peace.”

22. Northern Flicker

Northern Flicker
Scientific NameColaptes auratus
Type of AnimalBird
Rangealmost any habitat with trees

While some birds only travel a short distance, others may fly thousands of miles to get to their destination. The northern flicker is one bird that migrates long distances, and it can be found in many different parts of North America.

23. Purple Finch

Purple Finch
Scientific NameHaemorhous purpureus
Type of AnimalBird
Rangewestern Washington

The purple finch is a small bird that is found in wooded areas across North America. These birds are very shy and are not often seen by people. Purple finches migrate south in the winter, and can sometimes be seen in flocks of up to 100 birds.

24. Purple Martin

Purple Martin
Scientific NameProgne subis
Type of AnimalBird
Rangethroughout temperate North America

The purple martin is a type of swallow that migrates from North America to South America. These birds are some of the longest-distance migrants, flying up to 4,000 miles to get to their wintering grounds.

25. Red-Breasted Nuthatch

Red-Breasted Nuthatch
Scientific NameSitta canadensis
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeconiferous woods and mountains

These little birds are found in woodlands throughout the eastern United States. In the fall, they migrate south to spend the winter in the southeastern United States.

26. Red-Tailed Hawk

Red-Tailed Hawks
Scientific NameButeo jamaicensis
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeall over the continent, in Central America, and in the West Indies

The red-tailed hawk is a large bird of prey that can be found in North and South America. During the winter months, many red-tailed hawks migrate south to avoid the cold weather. These birds typically travel alone or in small groups. Red-tailed hawks can fly up to speeds of 50 miles per hour, and they can cover great distances when migrating.

27. Red-Winged Blackbird

Red-Winged Blackbird
Scientific NameAgelaius phoeniceus
Type of AnimalBird
Rangesouthern Alaska at its northernmost point, to the Yucatan peninsula

The red-winged blackbird is a small songbird that is found in North and South America. These birds are known for their distinctive red and yellow plumage, as well as their melodious songs.

During the breeding season, these birds can be found in marshes and wetlands, where they build their nests. In the winter, they often migrate to southern states, where the weather is milder.

28. Rose-Breasted Grosbeak

Rose-Breasted Grosbeak
Scientific NamePheucticus ludovicianus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeCentral and northern South America

The rose-breasted grosbeak is a bird that is black and white with a splash of red on its chest. This bird is found in North and South America and migrates south for the winter.

29. Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

Ruby-Throated Hummingbird
Scientific NameArchilochus colubris
Type of AnimalBird
RangeCentral America

The ruby-throated hummingbird is a small bird that breeds in eastern North America. It is the only species of hummingbird that regularly nests in this area. The ruby-throated hummingbird migrates south for the winter, spending time in Mexico and Central America.

30. White-Throated Sparrow

White-Throated Sparrow
Scientific NameZonotrichia albicollis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeCanada and the northern boundary of the United States in coniferous and deciduous forests

The White-Throated Sparrow is a small bird that is grey and brown with white stripes on its head. It breeds in Canada and the northern United States, and it winters in the southern United States.

Conclusion

Birds fly south for the winter because it is warmer there. The birds are attracted to the warmth and follow their natural instinct to migrate to a place where they can survive. This process happens every year as different species of birds make their way down to Central and South America.

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