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What Eats Bats? (23 Animals with Pictures)

What Eats Bats

Animals that eat bats include bullfrogs, owls, lizards, hawks, and humans.

Bats provide a lot of nutrients for these animals. They are a good source of protein and fat, as well as vitamins and minerals. This makes them a desirable food choice for these predators. Additionally, bats are relatively easy to catch, which is another reason why they are preyed on.

Bats are important animals in many ecosystems, serving as both predators and prey. Numerous animals reliance on bats for food, including other mammals, reptiles, birds, and even some invertebrates.

While most people think of vampire bats when they think of animals that eat bats, there are actually many different kinds of animals that include bats in their diet.

Examples of Animals that Eat Bats

1. American Bullfrog

Scientific NameLithobates catesbeianus
Type of AnimalReptile
RangeNorth America
DietCarnivore

American bullfrogs are a type of frog that is found in North America. They are a predator of bats and will eat them whenever they can. They are especially fond of the Mexican free-tailed bat, which is one of the most common types of bat found in North America.

2. Asian Bullfrog

Scientific NameKaloula pulchra
Type of AnimalReptile
RangeSoutheast Asia
DietCarnivore

The Asian bullfrog is a large frog that is found in Asia and parts of Africa. It is a predator of bats and will eat them whenever it has the opportunity. The frog will sit and wait for bats to fly overhead, then it will jump up and snatch them out of the air. It has been known to eat bats that are as large as itself.

3. Barn Owl

Scientific NameTyto alba
Type of AnimalBird
RangeNorth America, South America, Europe, Africa, India, Southeast Asia, and Australia.
DietCarnivore

The barn owl is a common predator of bats. They are found throughout the world and typically hunt at night. Barn owls use their keen eyesight and hearing to locate prey, which includes bats. They catch bats in their talons and consume them whole.

4. Barred Owl

Scientific NameStrix varia
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeeastern North America
DietCarnivore

The barred owl is also a common predator of bats. They are found in North America, Central America, and South America. Like the barn owl, the barred owl hunts at night and uses its keen senses to locate prey. Bats are among the prey items that they hunt.

5. Common Buzzard

Scientific NameButeo buteo
Type of AnimalBird
RangeEurope, Africa, and Asia
DietCarnivore

The common buzzard is a raptor that is found throughout the world. It feeds primarily on small mammals, such as bats, but will also eat birds, reptiles, and insects. The common buzzard is a very successful predator, and its population is on the rise after almost being extinct.

6. Common Grackles

Scientific NameQuiscalus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeNorth America east of the Rocky Mountains
DietOmnivore

The common grackle is a large blackbird that is found in North America. It is a predatory bird that feeds on a variety of small animals, including bats. The common grackle is very adaptable and can live in a wide range of habitats.

7. Eastern Screech Owl

Scientific NameMegascops asio
Type of AnimalBird
RangeEastern North America, from Mexico to Canada.
DietCarnivore

The Eastern screech owl is a medium-sized owl that is found in eastern North America. This owl preys on a wide variety of animals, including bats. They typically hunt at night and use their sharp talons to snatch their prey from the air.

8. Fisher

Scientific NamePekania pennanti
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America
DietCarnivore

The fisher is a predatory cat that lives in North America. It preys on small to medium-sized mammals, including bats. Fishers are very agile climbers, which allows them to hunt bats in their natural habitats. They kill bats by biting them in the head or neck.

9. Giant Banjo Frog

Scientific NameLimnodynastes interioris
Type of AnimalReptile
RangeMurray-Darling basin of inland NSW & Victoria.
DietCarnivore

The giant banjo frog is a large, carnivorous amphibian that lives in eastern Australia. These frogs mainly eat insects, but will also consume small reptiles, mammals, and bats. They are capable of catching and eating prey that is significantly larger than themselves, including bats.

10. Great Horned Owl

Scientific NameBubo virginianus
Type of AnimalBird
Rangethroughout the continental United States, as well as in Alaska.
DietCarnivore

The great horned owl is a large owl that is found in North and South America. These owls are apex predators, meaning they are at the top of the food chain. They mainly eat small mammals, such as rodents, but will also prey on bats. Great horned owls are capable of catching and killing bats that are much larger than the.

11. Harris Hawk

Scientific NameParabuteo unicinctus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeNorth and South America
DietCarnivore

The Harris hawk is a bird of prey that is found in North and South America. These hawks are diurnal, meaning they are active during the day. They mainly eat small mammals, such as rabbits and squirrels, but will also consume bats. Harris hawks are able to snatch bats right out of the air, making them an easy prey source.

12. Humans

Scientific NameHomo sapiens
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWorldwide
DietOmnivore

Humans are not technically an animal, but they are a predator of bats. Humans hunt and kill bats for a variety of reasons, including for food, to remove them from an area, or for sport. Bat populations have declined significantly in recent years due to human hunting and poaching.

13. Least Weasel

Scientific NameMustela nivalis
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeEurope and North Africa, Asia and parts of northern North America
DietCarnivore

The least weasel is a small, carnivorous mammal that is found in North America, Europe, and Asia. These weasels are the smallest member of the mustelid family, which also includes otters, ferrets, and wolverines. Least weasels mainly eat small rodents, but will also consume bats.

14. Long-tailed Weasel

Scientific NameMustela frenata
Type of AnimalMammal
Rangenorthwestern and northeastern states
DietCarnivore

The long-tailed weasel is a small, carnivorous mammal that is found throughout North America and Europe. These weasels are predators that eat a variety of prey, including rodents, reptiles, amphibians, and bats. They are able to catch and kill bats that are much larger than themselves.

15. Minks

Scientific NameNeovison vison
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America
DietCarnivore

Minks are small, semiaquatic mammals that are found in North America and Eurasia. These animals primarily eat fish and other aquatic creatures, but will also consume bats. Minks are able to catch and kill bats without any difficulty.

16. Northern Goshawk

Scientific NameAccipiter gentilis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeNorth America, Europe, northwestern Africa, continental Asia, and Japan.
DietCarnivore

The northern goshawk is a large raptor that is found in North America, Europe, and Asia. These hawks are predatory, meaning they hunt and kill their prey. They mainly eat small mammals, such as rabbits and squirrels, but will also consume bats. Northern goshawks have sharp talons that they use to catch and kill their prey.

17. Osprey

Scientific NamePandion haliaetus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeCentral and South America
DietCarnivore

The osprey is a large raptor that is found in North America, Europe, and Asia. These birds mainly eat fish, but will also consume small mammals, including bats. Ospreys are able to catch bats in mid-air, making them an easy prey source.

18. Raccoons

Scientific NameProcyon lotor
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America
DietOmnivore

Raccoons are common mammals that are found throughout North America. These animals are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and animals. Raccoons mainly eat insects, but will also consume bats. They are able to hunt bats by following them to their roosting sites and catching them as they come out.

19. Red-tailed Hawk

Scientific NameButeo jamaicensis
Type of AnimalBird
Rangeall over the continent
DietCarnivore

The red-tailed hawk is a bird of prey that is found in North America. These hawks are also diurnal and mainly eat small mammals, such as rabbits and squirrels. However, they will also consume bats on occasion. Red-tailed hawks are proficient at catching bats, often snatching them right out of the air.

20. Short-eared Owl

Scientific NameAsio flammeus
Type of AnimalBird
RangePrairies, marshes, dunes, tundra.
DietCarnivore

The short-eared owl is a medium-sized owl that is found in North America and Eurasia. These owls are nocturnal, meaning they are active at night. They mainly eat small mammals, such as voles and mice, but will also consume bats. Short-eared owls are able to catch bats while they are flying, making them an easy prey source.

21. Snakes

Scientific NameSerpentes
Type of AnimalReptile
RangeWorldwide
DietCarnivore

Snakes are elongated, legless reptiles that can be found all over the world. There are many different species of snake, and they vary in size and diet. Some snakes, such as the king cobra, are capable of eating bats. They will coil around the bat and constrict it until it suffocates. then swallow it whole. Snakes are an easy way to get a quick meal, and bats make up a significant part of their diet.

22. Spiders

Scientific NameAraneae
Type of AnimalInsect
RangeWorldwide
DietCarnivore

Spiders are not a typical predator of bats, but there are a few species that do prey on them. The Chilean rose tarantula is a large spider that lives in South America. This tarantula preys on bats, as well as other small animals, such as lizards and frogs. Another spider that preys on bats is the Brazilian wandering spider.

This spider is one of the most venomous spiders in the world and is found in Central and South America. It hunts bats as well as other small animals, such as rodents and insects.

23. Stoat

Scientific NameMustela erminea
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America, Europe, and Asia
DietCarnivore

The stoat is a small, carnivorous mammal that is found in North America, Europe, and Asia. These animals mainly eat small rodents, but will also consume bats. Stoats are able to catch and kill bats with ease, making them a common prey item.

Read Also: Do Bats Migrate?

Conclusion

Bats are preyed on by a variety of animals, including owls, hawks, snakes, raccoons, and frogs. They are especially vulnerable when they are roosting in large numbers. Predators will often wait until nightfall to attack them.

Some bats have adaptations that help them avoid being eaten, such as echolocation and camouflage. However, many bats still fall victim to predation. In some cases, the predator will eat the entire bat, while in others, they will consume just the wings or other body parts.

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