Currently set to Index
Currently set to Follow

41 Animals With Hooves (A to Z List with Pictures)

Animals With Hooves

Animals with hooves include Addax, Alpacas, Antelope, Bison, and Boar.

There are many different kinds of animals in the world, and each one has its own unique adaptations that help it survive. One group of animals that have unique adaptations is those with hooves.

Hooves are specially adapted to help these animals move around in difficult terrain and survive in harsh environments.

Examples of Animals With Hooves

1. Addax

Addax Antelope
Scientific NameAddax nasomaculatus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeMauritania, Niger, and Chad
DietHerbivore

The addax is a long-horned antelope that lives in the Sahara desert. These animals have massive, hoof-like nails to prevent them from sinking into the shifting sand dunes during their normal activities.

Related Article: Do Addax Have Horns?

2. Alpacas

Alpaca
Scientific NameVicugna pacos
Type of AnimalMammal
RangePeru
DietHerbivore

Alpacas are camel-like animals that live in the mountains of South America. Their hooves help them move around on the rocky slopes and spiky vegetation.

These groups of animals have a specific type of fur between their toes to prevent them from getting snowballs stuck there, which could cause discomfort and possible infection.

Related Article: Do Alpacas Have Long Neck?

3. Antelope

antelope
Scientific NameBovidae
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeAfrica
DietHerbivore

Most hoofed animals, such as deer and antelope, have split hooves. This adaptation helps them move across the ground by giving them more traction.

Unlike other hooved mammals, “double-hooved” antelope, like this impala, only have two toes on each foot instead of three.

4. Bison

Bison
Scientific NameBison
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America
DietHerbivore

Another animal that has adapted to a harsh environment is bison. The hooves of the bison are heavily keratinized, which means they have a very thick outer layer. This adaptation helps it to protect its feet from rocks and sticks while wandering on open plains.

Read Also: 23 Examples of Big-Headed Animals

5. Boar

Wild Boars
Scientific NameSus scrofa
Type of AnimalMammal
Rangewestern and northern Europe and North Africa to India, the Andaman Islands, and China
DietOmnivore

Wild boars are medium-sized, even-toed ungulates. These animals have tough skin around their feet to protect them from injury while moving through dense underbrush and deep mud.

6. Buffalo

Water Buffalo
Scientific NameBubalus bubalis
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeSouth Asia (water buffalo) and Africa (Cape buffalo)
DietHerbivore

The Indian water buffalo has adapted to live in both wet marshlands and grassy plains. Their hooves are rounded, wide, and splayed to provide maximum support during the buffalo’s normal activities of grazing or wallowing in water.

Related Article: Does Cape Buffalo Have Long Legs?

7. Camel

Dromedary Camel
Scientific NameCamelus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth Africa and the Middle East
DietHerbivore

The camel’s hooves have soft pads on the bottom that do not damage the ground when they walk. Their feet also have two toes with hard hoof coverings called “calluses” on the bottom of their feet.

These calluses protect them from the hot sand, and they also prevent them from sinking into the ground when they get a drink from a lake or wadi in a desert.

8. Chevrotains

Scientific NameTragulidae
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeSoutheast Asia and India
DietHerbivore

Also known as mouse deer, this group of animals lives in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. These nocturnal herbivores have tough hooves to help them move through dense undergrowth and cross streams during their nightly travels.

9. Cows

cow
Scientific NameBos taurus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWorldwide
DietHerbivore

Cows, bulls, and steers all have hooves, but it’s cows that are the best known for them. The hoof of a cow is split into two parts, called claw and heel. This arrangement helps to distribute their weight while walking through ankle-deep mud or muck during wet weather.

10. Deer

Deer young antler velvet
Scientific NameCervidae
Type of AnimalMammal
Rangenative to all continents except Australia and Antarctica
DietHerbivore

Deer are another group of animals with hooves. The most obvious use for their hooves is to help them navigate through forests, marshes, mountains, or any other terrain covered in difficult-to-move-through vegetation.

Another benefit of these large nails is that they protect the deer’s feet from sharp twigs or rocks that may protrude from the ground.

11. Donkeys

Donkey
Scientific NameEquus asinus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWorldwide
DietHerbivore

Donkeys and other members of the ass family (like zebras) also have hooves with thick, tough nails to protect their feet from rocks and hard soil.

Related Article: Is Donkey Farmyard Animal?

12. Elk

elk
Scientific NameCervus canadensis
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America and Eastern Asia
DietHerbivore

Elk have large hooves with thick, rough soles. These help the elk to maintain traction and balance when running through deep snow in winter or slippery mud in early spring.

The extra-thick sole also increases the weight of the hoof and makes it easier for the animal to stand on top of the snow without sinking.

13. Gazelle

Gazelle
Scientific NameGazella
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeAfrica
DietHerbivore

The gazelle is a swift, graceful antelope that jumps amazingly high for its size. Its hooves are adapted to make this possible by being long but thin. This shape makes them lightweight enough to jump incredible heights, but strong enough to provide support during the landing.

14. Giraffe

a giraffe
Scientific NameGiraffa
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeAfrica
DietHerbivore

The giraffe is an animal known for its long neck. However, it also has hooves that are circular in shape and act like suction cups to keep the animal from sinking into the mud.

Related Article: 10 Giraffe Personality Traits

15. Goats

goat eating grass
Scientific NameCapra aegagrus hircus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWorldwide
DietHerbivore

Goats are well known for their amazing climbing abilities. They have very strong, sharp hooves that are designed to help them climb rocks and rugged terrain. When goats come down from steep mountains, they always slide on their bellies to ensure that the force of impact doesn’t damage their hooves.

16. Hippopotamus

Hippo
Scientific NameHippopotamus amphibius
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeAfrica
DietOmnivore

The hippopotamus is a large, semi-aquatic mammal that lives in many parts of Africa and can be found in shallow rivers and lakes. Although the hippopotamus is great at staying afloat in water, it has no natural buoyancy and is quickly weighed down by its dense body and thick hide when fully submerged.

17. Hog

Groundhog
Scientific NameSus scrofa domesticus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeEurasia
DietOmnivore

The hog is a general name for any of the pigs that live in forests and grasslands. These animals like wet, marshy areas and make their homes in burrows dug by other animals such as foxes and badgers. They have large hooves which help them walk through swamps and marshes with ease to find food.

18. Horse

horse
Scientific NameEquus caballus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWorldwide
DietHerbivore

Horses have hooves to help them move rapidly over distances. They also use their hooves to dig into the ground when they run around obstacles or up steep hills.

19. Ibex

ibex
Scientific NameCapra ibex
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeEurope, Asia, and northeastern Africa
DietHerbivore

The ibex has a very similar adaptation to the addax. The hooves of this animal are larger and more curved, however, in order to provide better comfort on rocky mountain slopes.

20. Impala

Impala
Scientific NameAepyceros melampus
Type of AnimalMammal
Rangesouthern Africa
DietHerbivore

The impala is a small, antelope-like mammal that lives in the savannas of eastern Africa. These animals are capable of high speeds despite their somewhat clumsy appearance, and they can run incredibly fast for long periods of time. Their hooves are specially adapted to grip the ground so that they can quickly change direction if necessary.

21. Kudu

Kudu
Scientific NameTragelaphus strepsiceros
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeZambia, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa
DietHerbivore

The kudu is a type of antelope that lives in dry woodlands and savannas. Like the addax, they have hoof-like nails on their feet to prevent them from sinking into the ground as they walk around.

22. Llamas

Llama
Scientific NameLama glama
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeBolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Chile, and Argentina
DietHerbivore

Llamas are camelids that have adapted to living in cold, high-altitude habitats. Because of this, they need to be able to handle the extremely sparse vegetation found in these areas. Their hooves have become highly concave so that they can stand on pebble surfaces without sinking into them.

23. Moose

moose
Scientific NameAlces alces
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeUnited States
DietHerbivore

The moose is a large deer that lives in the northern forests of many different countries. These animals have been known to use their hoofs to break through ice and snow when they are moving through the deep snow cover.

In order to prevent themselves from sinking into the sand, these herbivores will sometimes stand with one foot raised.

24. Mouse-deer

Scientific NameTragulidae
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeSoutheast Asia and India
DietHerbivore

The mouse-deer is a species of deer that lives primarily in Southeast Asia. These animals have long, sharp, hoof-like nails on their toes to help them walk on the sharp leaves and branches of trees without cutting themselves. This adaptation also helps them run quickly through the forest without slipping too often.

25. Mule

Mule Deer
Scientific NameEquus asinus × Equus caballus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWorldwide
DietHerbivore

The mule is a hybrid of a female horse and a male donkey. They have tough, durable hooves that help them traverse rocky terrain to find food and water. These animals can also travel great distances without getting tired.

26. Musk deer

Marsh Deer
Scientific NameMoschus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeRussia and Asia
DietHerbivore

Musk deer are herbivores native to the Himalayan mountains. These hoofed mammals have long, curved antlers that help them defend themselves against predators like snow leopards. The hooves of these animals also act as snowshoes, preventing them from sinking into the deep snow during their activities.

27. Muskoxen

Musk Oxen
Scientific NameOvibos moschatus
Type of AnimalMammal
Rangenorthern Canada and Greenland
DietHerbivore

Like the addax, muskoxen have hooves that allow them to move around in snowy climates without risk of sinking into the snow. The hooves are wide and short to prevent the animal from sinking in.

Often, their feet will be turned outward in order to distribute their weight over a wide area and increase stability when moving over uneven ground.

Related Article: Ox vs Bull – 11 Key Differences

28. Okapi

Okapi
Scientific NameOkapia johnstoni
Type of AnimalMammal
Rangethe Democratic Republic of Congo
DietHerbivore

The okapi is a relative of the giraffe that lives in the rain forests of the Congo. Its hooves are very similar to those of horses and zebras, and they help it move swiftly through the forest vegetation.

29. Ox

bullocks
Scientific NameBos taurus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeAsia and Africa
DietHerbivore

The ox is a member of the cattle family with massive feet that are covered in hard hooves. The large weight of an ox can make it difficult for them to move around, so they’re adapted with hooves to help prevent sinking into mud, dirt, or snow when carrying or pulling heavy objects.

30. Peccaries

Peccaries
Scientific NameTayassuidae
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeCentral and South America
DietHerbivore

Peccaries are wild pigs that live in Central and South America. They have flat feet with large nails, which they use to dig up roots and bugs for food. When peccaries walk around on the softer ground, their hooves spread out and help them move easily through mud and swamps.

31. Pig

Pig
Scientific NameSus scrofa domesticus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeWorldwide
DietOmnivore

The pig is a hoofed, even-toed ungulate. This means that the pig has feet with an even number of toes and hooves. These animals have long legs, which help them move through their forest habitat quickly in order to escape predators.

32. Pronghorn

Pronghorn
Scientific NameAntilocapra americana
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeNorth America
DietHerbivore

Another hoofed animal found in North America is the pronghorn. These animals are fast runners and one of the only two mammals that can’t retract their claws (the other being hares). They have very sharp, long hooves to keep them from sinking into the soil as they run.

33. Quagga

Scientific NameEquus quagga quagga
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeSouth Africa
DietHerbivore

The quagga’s closest living relative is the zebra. However, unlike the colorful stripes of zebras, quaggas were brown in color with a paler underside and no striping pattern on their hindquarters. Quaggas became extinct in 1883.

34. Rhinoceros

White Rhino
Scientific NameRhinocerotidae
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeSouth Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Kenya
DietHerbivore

The rhinoceros is a large, herbivorous mammal that lives in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. These animals have thick skin along with “toenails” on the front of their feet to help them walk more easily through grasslands and forests.

More Examples Of Animals With Hooves

  • Sheep
  • Tapir
  • Vicunas
  • Warthogs
  • Waterbuck
  • Wildebeests
  • Zebras
Skip to content