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113 Animals Native to Hawaii (A to Z List +Pictures)

animals native to hawaii

Animals native to Hawaii include ʻApapane, Black Mamo, Happy Face Spider, Hawaiian Black Noddy, and Hawaiian Coot.

Hawaii is unique in that it has more endemic animals than any other state in the United States. This means that there are species of animals that are only found in Hawaii and nowhere else on Earth.

While many people think of lizards and birds when they think of Hawaiian wildlife, there are also many interesting mammals that call Hawaii home. From the endemic honeycreeper to the endangered monk seal, here is a look at some of the animals native to Hawaii.

Examples of Animals that are Native to Hawaii

1. ʻApapane

Scientific NameHimatione sanguinea
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietHerbivore

The ʻapapane is a small passerine bird that is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. These birds are found in coastal and montane habitats, and they prefer drier forests with Eucalyptus trees.

2. Black Mamo

Scientific NameDrepanis funerea
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietHerbivore

The black mamo is a species of bird that is native to the Hawaiian islands. These birds are most commonly found in the highlands of Maui and Hawaii island. Black Mamos are considered to be a threatened species, due to loss of habitat and introduced predators.

3. Happy Face Spider

Scientific NameTheridion grallator
Type of AnimalInsect
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

The happy face spider, or Theridion grallator, is a native to the Hawaiian Islands. These spiders are brightly colored and have markings that resemble a smiley face. While they may look harmless, these spiders can bite and their venom can cause intense pain.

4. Hawaiian Black Noddy

Scientific NameAnous minutus
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

The Hawaiian black noddy is a small seabird that is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. It is one of the only two noddy species found in Hawaii, and it can be distinguished from the other species by its black plumage.

5. Hawaiian Coot

Scientific NameFulica alai
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

The Hawaiian coot, Fulica alai, is a water bird that is endemic to the Hawaiian islands. They are found in fresh and marine waters and are often seen swimming or floating on the surface of the water.

These birds are sexually dimorphic, with males being black with a white frontal shield, and females being mainly brown.

6. Hawaiian Crow

Hawaiian Crow
Scientific NameCorvus hawaiiensis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

The Hawaiian crow, also known as the Alalā, is a Native Hawaiian bird that is only found in the wild on the islands of Hawaiʻi and Maui. These beautiful creatures are considered to be critically endangered, with a population of fewer than 150 individuals remaining.

7. Hawaiian Duck

Hawaiian Duck
Scientific NameAnas wyvilliana
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

These ducks are common in the lower elevations and can be found in marshes, wetlands, and ponds. They are dark gray or black with a brown head and a white band around their neck. Hawaiian ducks feed on aquatic plants, invertebrates, small fish, and amphibians.

8. Hawaiian Gallinule

Scientific NameGallinula chloropus sandvicensis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

The Hawaiian gallinule is a native Hawaiian bird that is closely related to the Common Moorhen. They are usually found in freshwater marshes, ponds, and other wetland habitats.

9. Hawaiian Hawk

Hawaiian Hawk
Scientific NameButeo solitarius
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

The Hawaiian hawk, also known as the ʻalā, is a native bird of Hawaii and is found only in the islands. These hawks are distinctive for their waterproof feathers, which allows them to inhabit wet forests and high elevations.

10. Hawaiian Hoary Bat

Hawaiian Hoary Bat
Scientific NameAeorestes semotus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

The Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) is a species of bat that is endemic to the Hawaiian islands. It is the only species of bat found in Hawaii and is one of the most endangered mammals in the United States.

11. Hawaiian Monk Seal

Hawaiian Monk Seal
Scientific NameMonachus schauinslandi
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

Hawaiian monk seals are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands and are one of the rarest and most endangered marine mammals in the world. These animals are critically endangered due to habitat loss, fishing gear interactions, and predation by humans.

12. Hawaiian Petrel

Scientific NamePterodroma sandwichensis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

Hawaiian Petrels are endemic to the Hawaiian islands and are one of the rarest seabirds in the world. These petrels are mostly nocturnal and spend most of their time at sea, coming ashore only to breed.

13. Hawaiian Rail

Scientific NamePorzana sandwichensis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

Hawaiian Rail is native to Hawaii and is the only flightless bird in the Hawaiian islands. These birds can be found in wet areas near marshes, ponds, and streams.

14. Hawaiian River Shrimp

Scientific NameMacrobrachium grandimanus
Type of AnimalMalacostracan
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

Hawaiian river shrimp are native to Hawaii and can only be found in the state’s rivers and streams. These shrimp are a popular seafood delicacy and can be prepared in a variety of ways.

While they are not as common as other types of shrimp, they are worth seeking out for a unique dining experience.

15. Hawaiian Spinner Dolphin

Scientific NameStenella longirostris longirostris
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

The Hawaiian spinner dolphin is one of the most iconic creatures in the Hawaiian islands. These dolphins are endemic to Hawaii and can be found in nearshore waters throughout the state. They are a common sight for visitors and locals alike and are known for their acrobatic swimming style.

16. Hawaiian Stilt

Hawaiian Stilt
Scientific NameHimantopus mexicanus knudseni
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

The Hawaiian stilt is a small, wading bird that is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. These birds are closely related to the avocet and are recognized by their long, black legs and bright red bills. Hawaiian stilts inhabit both fresh and saltwater habitats and can be found in marshes, lagoons, and estuaries.

17. Hawksbill Sea Turtle

Hawksbill
Scientific NameEretmochelys imbricata
Type of AnimalReptile
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

The hawksbill sea turtle is a native of Hawaii and can be found near shore in near-shore waters, mangrove swamps, and coral reefs. These turtles are critically endangered and the State of Hawaii has gone to great lengths to protect them.

There are several laws in place that help safeguard these turtles including a prohibition on taking, harming, or harassing them.

18. Humpback Whale

Humpback Whale
Scientific NameMegaptera novaeangliae
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

The humpback whale is a baleen whale that is native to the waters of Hawaii. These whales can be found in the North Pacific Ocean and around the Hawaiian Islands. Humpback whales are known for their acrobatic displays and beautiful songs. The population of humpback whales in Hawaii is estimated to be about 21,000.

19. Indian Mongoose

Mongoose
Scientific NameHerpestes javanicus
Type of AnimalMammal
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

While they are now also present on many other Pacific islands, as well as in parts of Southeast Asia and Africa, they are thought to have originated in the warm, tropical climates of India and Sri Lanka. Interestingly, these small mammals have thrived in Hawaii’s unique environment and play an important role in the ecology of the state.

20. Kamehameha Butterfly

Scientific NameVanessa tameamea
Type of AnimalInsect
RangeHawaii
DietHerbivore

The Kamehameha butterfly is a species of butterfly that is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. The Kamehameha butterfly is one of the most common butterflies in Hawaii and can be found throughout the islands. These beautiful butterflies are easily recognized by their bright yellow wings with black markings.

21. Kauaʻi Cave Wolf Spider

Scientific NameAdelocosa anops
Type of AnimalInsect
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

The Kauaʻi cave wolf spider is one of the many endemic species to Hawaii. This particular spider is found only in caves on the island of Kauaʻi.

22. Laysan Duck

Laysan Duck
Scientific NameAnas laysanensis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

7The Laysan Duck is a native bird to the Hawaiian Islands. They are typically found in wetland, grassy areas, and marshes. The ducks are considered as “subspecies of the mallard” and were nearly extinct in the early 1900s because of overhunting.

23. Laysan Finch

Laysan Finch
Scientific NameTelespiza cantans
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

The Laysan Finch is a small, sparrow-sized bird that is native to the Hawaiian Islands. These birds are found in open country near water and typically live in pairs or small family groups. Laysan Finches feed on seeds, berries, and insects, and their coloring ranges from light brown to black.

24. Laysan Honeycreeper

Scientific NameHimatione sanguinea
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

The Laysan honeycreeper is a small, olive-green bird that is endemic to the Hawaiian islands. These birds are unique in that they are the only honeycreepers that feed on nectar from flowers. Due to their declining population, the Laysan honeycreeper has been listed as an endangered species.

25. Nene

Nene
Scientific NameBranta sandvicensis
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietHerbivore

The nene, or Hawaiian goose, is the official bird of the state of Hawaii. These geese are native to Hawaii and can be found on all of the main islands. Nenes are monogamous and care for their young diligently.

In fact, when a nene hen lays her eggs, she will cover them with branches and grass to keep them warm and safe from predators. Nenes can be identified by their long necks and black head and neck plumage.

Related Article: Are Hawaiian Goose Endangered?

26. Nihoa Finch

Scientific NameTelespiza ultima
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

The Nihoa finch is a small, songbird that is only found on the island of Nihoa in Hawaii. These birds are unique because they are the only species of bird in the world that has an all-black beak and feet. Nihoa finches are also well-adapted to their environment and can be found high up in the branches of trees.

27. Oahu Tree Snails

Scientific NameAchatinella
Type of AnimalGastropod
RangeHawaii
DietHerbivore

Oahu Tree Snails are a species of snail that is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. These snails can be found on all of the major islands, and they are most common in wet forests and rainforests.

Oahu Tree Snails are herbivores, and they feed on a variety of plants. While they are not endangered, these snails are protected under Hawaii state law.

28. Palila

Scientific NameLoxioides bailleui
Type of AnimalBird
RangeHawaii
DietOmnivore

The Palila is a species of Hawaiian honeycreeper that is endemic to the island of Kaua’i. These striking birds are recognized by their yellow head, throat, and chest, black back and wings, and white rump. Palila is diurnal, meaning they are active during the day, and they feed on nectar and insects.

29. Sandpaper Rice Coral

Scientific NameMontipora patula
Type of AnimalAnthozoa
RangeHawaii
DietCarnivore

According to the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, sandpaper rice coral is a species of stony coral that are native to Hawaii. These corals can be found in both shallow and deep water, and Prefer areas with clear water and moderate to strong currents.

30. Wēkiu Bug

Scientific NameNysius wekiuicola
Type of AnimalInsect
RangeHawaii
DietHerbivore

The Wēkiu bug sometimes referred to as the darkling beetle, is a species of beetle that is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. These bugs can be found in moist and wet habitats, such as rain forests and bogs.

They are an important part of the ecosystem, feeding on decaying matter and helping to break down organic materials.

More Examples of Animals Native to Hawaii

ʻAkekeʻeʻIʻiwiOahu ʻakialoa
ʻAkiapolaʻauIrregular rice coralOʻahu ʻalauahio
ʻAkikikiKāmaʻoOʻahu ʻamakihi
ʻAkohekoheKauaʻi ʻakialoaOʻahu ʻelepaio
ʻAmauiKauaʻi ʻamakihiOʻahu nukupuʻu
ʻAnianiauKaua’i ʻelepaioOʻahu ʻōʻō
Ariamnes makueKauaʻi nukupuʻuOlomaʻo
Atyoida bisulcataKauaʻi oʻoʻŌmaʻo
AuriculellaKioeaOopu alamoo
Bicolor gorgonianKona grosbeakOopu nakea
Blue rice coralKuhlia xenuraOʻopu naniha
Brigham’s coralLanaʻi ʻalauahioʻŌʻū
CnidariansLanaʻi hookbillPerdicella
Common ʻamakihiLaysan railPoʻouli
Drosophila SharpiLesser koa finchPuaiohi
ErinnaLonghead yellow-faced beePueo
Finger coralMaui ʻakepaSandwich Island sleeper
Grand black coralMaui ʻalauahioSerpentine cup coral
Greater ʻamakihiMaui Nui ʻakialoaSmall knob leather coral
Greater koa finchMaui nukupuʻuStimpson’s goby
Green Hawaiian blueMaui parrotbillThick finger coral
Gulickia alexandriMillerbirdʻUla-ʻai-hawane
HalocaridinaMolokaʻi cauliflower coralVerril’s lump coral
Hawaiʻi ʻakepaMolokai creeper
Hawaiʻi ʻakialoaMolokaʻi ʻōʻō
Hawaiʻi creeperNeritina granosa
Hawaiʻi ʻelepaioNewcombia
Hawaiʻi mamoNewell’s shearwater
Hawaiʻi ʻōʻōNihoa
Humuhumunukunukuapua`aOʻahu ʻakepa
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